ICIRS Spring 2017 Sessions Schedule

ICIRS Spring 2017 Schedule

ICIRS Spring 2017 Topics
March 24, 2017 - 2:00 - 3:00 PM, Room MGU1
Overview of Proposal
Dr. Darrell Burrell
March 24, 2017 - 3:00 - 3:30 PM, Room MGU1
Sean Cook
Sean Cook


The purpose of this quantitative study is to examine the differences in management’s rating of performance betweenthe veterans recruited through affirmative action programs and non-veterans hired without veteran preference advantages. While the affirmative action programs are beneficial in their ability to assist underserved demographics, it must be explored whether or not the quest to bridge gaps of inequality has positive or negative effects on agency performance. A quantitative method(student t-test) will be used to evaluate the performance ratings for veteran and non-veteran employees. The independent variables in this study will be the veteran and non-veteran designations that an employee has, while the dependent variable will be their annual performance ratings. Data will be collected utilizing redacted employee performance evaluations from veteran and non-veteran employees. A series of statistical evaluations will be conducted to determine whether or not there is significance between the ratings of the two employee groups.

March 24, 2017 - 3:30 - 4:00 PM, Room MGU1
The Relationship Between Athletic Development Personality Factors and Decision Making
Herbert DeGraffe


Ineffective leadership that results from personality defects, ineffective core executive functions, and emotional decision-making can lead to destructive actions and executive failures that affect organizational effectiveness. The purpose of this quantitative correlational study was to
determine if athletic development personality factors correlate with decision making at the executive leadership level. The research questions focused on determining if there was a relationship between athletic development personality factors and decision making. Social exchange theory, social representations theory, and leadership theories comprised the theoretical framework. Participants included 124 executive decision-makers from the United States, the United Kingdom, South Africa, India, and Singapore who completed an online survey measuring self-assessed athletic development personality factors. The data analysis strategy using multiple regression showed that, while each variable was a positive significant predictor of personality factors, the regression approach eliminated redundant predictors from the 5 variable model. The
resulting 3 variable model was significant; focus, ethicalness, and leadership found decision making scores to be higher for respondents with highest scores for focus personality (β = .43, p = .001) and ethicalness personality (β = .28, p = .001) and leadership personality (β = .21, p =
.001) significantly contributed to the model. Organizational leaders might use the findings of this study on these key personality factors to enhance their knowledge and increase the relationship paths for positive social change by informing leadership development programs and executive training through educational strategies and best practices.

March 24, 2017 - 4:00 - 4:30 AM, Room MGU1
The Investment Climate in Nigeria and the Development of small Innovative Enterprises
Ofem Lekam Ujong


The choice of investment climate in Nigeria is to enable us study the implications of the policy shifts of Nigerian government that placed emphasis on private sector as a life wire of economic growth. The policy makers believes that private investment has a stronger and more favorable effect on growth than public investment, maybe because, private investment is more efficient and less associated with corruption. The article also elaborated more on the determinants of private investment in Nigeria using the small innovative enterprises. The paper will explain more on the trends in investment and also review the literature on the topic. The econometric result shows that, political crises may have created a hostile climate to private investment in Nigeria. The results suggested the need for the government to continue to develop the small enterprise and infrastructural base of the economy in other to boast the private sector.

Keywords: Investment, Climate, Innovation, Enterprises, small businesses

March 24, 2017 - 2:00 - 2:30 PM, Room Ellsworth1
The Impact of Enterprise Systems on Mergers and Acquisitions in the Oil and Gas Industry
Erik Mason & Dr. Lance Revenaugh

The Impact of Enterprise Systems on Mergers and Acquisitions in the Oil and Gas Industry


Erik Mason

     Montana Tech University

Dr. Lance Revenaugh

     Montana Tech University, Colorado Technical University


With the recent downturn in the Oil and Gas Industry, oil and gas companies are undergoing increasing mergers and are exceptionally focused on greater efficiency and synergy. Integration of IT systems during mergers and acquisitions is one of the most difficult and critical activities for successful and sustained mergers.  Nearly every company in the top 1000 globally now use an enterprise system (ES).  With this exponential surge in use of multi-million dollar ES, combining IT systems and their related business processes has become even more complex and challenging.  This paper analyzes and synthesizes data from multiple industry case studies and develops a framework for critical success factors for integrating ES/IT systems during mergers and acquisitions.  Particular emphasis is placed on factors that are unique or especially critical to the oil and gas industry. 


Keywords: Enterprise Systems, Integration, Oil and Gas Industry, Mergers, Acquisitions

March 24, 2017 - 2:30 - 3:00 PM, Room Ellsworth1
Generating knowledge or improving practice? A critical analysis of the relationship between theory and practice in “action research”
Mustapha Ajayi
March 24, 2017 - 3:00 - 3:30 PM, Room Ellsworth1
Quality Instruction On Distance Education
Dr. Kim Tran


Success in distance learning is a challenge to students around the world that educational leaders have aimed the mission to support student achievement. Yet knowledge captured of quality online instruction is still needed to improve. There is a lack of understanding of how quality online instruction can help students on educational success. The purpose of this study is to explore the impact of quality online instruction on collaboration among educators with students and students with students using a modern technology. Bandura’s social cognitive theory is used as a theoretical framework. Further studies on the effect of continuing improvement of the quality distance education lead to insights on reasons for students’ achievement. From a positive social change perspective,  the implementation of a model that support quality online instruction could improve  educational leaders’ decision-making process to assist students around the world achieve their educational goal.


Keywords: distance learning, international education, positive social change, Bandura’s cognitive theory, collaboration, technology, continue improvement

March 24, 2017 - 3:30 - 4:00 PM, Room Ellsworth1
Why do we buy from Malls? A Typology of young Indian adults based on Shopping Motivation
Dr. Sarbjit Singh, Dr. Amit Kumar Lal, Sukhwinder Kaur, & Taranjit Kaur


Purpose - Organised retail is one of the fastest growing sectors in India. With the growth of shopping malls, Indian consumers are experiencing a new way of shopping. The main purpose of this research paper is to explore and validate the shopping motives of young adult consumers in shopping malls. Further, the study also segments the mall shoppers on the basis of shopping motives.

Methodology- The research design is single cross sectional descriptive design. For fulfilling the objectives of this study data was collected from 400 frequent mall shoppers. Principal component matrix with varimax rotation was applied to identify various factors of shopping motives. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed to validate the various motives identified from exploratory factor analysis. The study also used two step cluster analysis to segment the shoppers.

Findings- The findings of the study confirmed seven factors of shopping motivation that excites the young adult’s consumers to visit shopping malls. The factors were named as atmosphere of the mall, escapism, convenience, security of the mall, social motives, exploration, and flow. Taking factor scores as seed points five clusters were formed. These clusters were labelled as ambience lovers, evasive shoppers, concerned shoppers, window shoppers and convenience seeker.

Implication- This study will not only contribute to the theoretical perspective but also help the organised retailers in understanding their target segment. Further, it also help marketers to position its products and services based on the motives of the shoppers.       

Keyword – Shopping motives, Segmentation, Organised Retail, Shopping malls, CFA 

March 24, 2017 - 4:00 - 4:30 PM, Room Ellsworth1
Leveraging Coworking Ties to Get Gigs
Madhu Rao & Oren Salomon


Coworking is a rapidly growing US and global practice evidenced by the increase in the number of coworking spaces.  These spaces offer individuals a place to work and a marketplace for freelancers to get gigs, or employment, within their entrepreneurial ecosystem.  The purpose of this ethnographic research study was to investigate a coworking freelance marketplace in large U.S. city to determine the influence of strong and weak ties to get gigs.  In order to gain respondent trust, immersion occurred over several months prior to any interviews.  Future studies can further expand on our findings regarding the presence of strong and weak ties and their influence in intergenerational communication patterns, professional development, and getting gigs in coworking spaces.  Together, these studies may influence new organizational development theories aligning freelance and traditional economies; several of our research respondents are now co-working together at a traditional company.

Keywords: Coworking, ecosystem, entrepreneurial, freelancers, intergenerational, marketplace, strong ties, weak ties

March 24, 2017 - 4:30 - 5:00 PM, Room Ellsworth1
Mucocele of the Appendix: Case Report and Review of Literature
Zelalem Semegnew Mengistu & Balkew Agonafir


Appendiceal mucocele is an obstructive dilatation of the appendix caused by intraluminal accumulation of mucoid material. It is a rare disease. We present a case of a 47-year-old female patient presented with pain in lower part of abdomen of 4 months’ duration. Ultrasound revealed Fusiform cystic mass at the right lower quadrant of the abdomen measuring (6.7x2.9cm).open surgery was performed with impression of intra-abdominal mass secondary to????? At the time of surgery, the was a cystic mass at the shaft of the appendix   with dimensions 6× 4 ×3 cm. there was no inflammation. Diagnosis of appendiceal mucocele was suspected. Only appendectomy was performed. Histopathological examination was consistent with a mucocele of the appendix


Keywords: Appendiceal Mucocele, Appendix, Appendectomy

March 24, 2017 - 5:00 - 5:30 PM, Room Ellsworth1
Small Scale Women Entrepreneurs as Supporters and not Breadwinners: Time for a Paradigm Shift
Ezenwayi C. Amaechi


Women play an important role in the development of their families and communities economically; however, they are often plagued by several barriers such as low-income households, poverty, unemployment, lack of training, and even discrimination. As a result, some women hide their true roles. By doing so, they are not aware that hiding their identities, could impact their roles as wives, mothers, helpers, and women entrepreneurs. The purpose of this paper was to explore why some women still refer to themselves as supporters of their husbands when they are clearly the breadwinners. The data gathering process involved face-to-face semistructured interviews with 15 women entrepreneurs in three local markets in Enugu State Nigeria, direct observation, field notes, and reflective journal entries. The data analysis process involved the triangulation of all the data. By admitting to being the primary breadwinners, small scale women entrepreneurs may be able to receive the appropriate resources such as proper business training, accounting procedures, marketing, customer relations, and financing strategies necessary to thrive in their various businesses.

Keywords: Breadwinners, women as breadwinners, women as supporters, small scale women entrepreneurs, wage earners, women entrepreneurs

March 24, 2017 - 2:00 - 2:30 PM, Room Ellsworth2
Physical Federalism System In Canada, Switzerland And India
Huner Qarany Ahmed


Federalism is a political system in the modern and democratic countries. It bases on the dividing of the responsibilities among the various layers of government in the certain country. Federalism usually adopts as a political system to enhance democracy for providing equal- opportunity for all the government layers to share with the central government in power. However, this process takes different shapes and forms in order to accommodate with the nature of the political structure from place to place. Meanwhile, the process of adaption federal system in Iraq might take different interpretation, because dictatorship rooted in the Iraqi political system for long time. However, the American held an operation to liberate Iraq in 2003. The aim of the operation is adopting liberation and making Iraq as a democratic country in the Middle-East. Changing the Iraqi political system from dictatorship to democratic one is not an easy process. Therefore, Iraq needs to take experience from other countries in order to pledge democratic system and provide the basic rights for the all Iraqis as well as to resolve all the political disputes and differences among the main political factions in Iraq. In this regard, I would like to shed a light on the federalism in Canada, Switzerland and India, in terms of the sharing power, education and health care system as well as tax and revenue issues as an example for Iraq. Although, those countries passed into several violence and conflicts, but they could relatively solved out their problems by the proper federal system.   

Keywords: Federalism System, Health Care System, Education System, Taxation and Expenditure, Sovereignty of ethnical groups, National identity and Ethnicity, De facto and De jure states

March 24, 2017 - 2:30 - 3:00 PM, Room Ellsworth2
Space War – A Technological and Military Reality
Maria Amravatiwala


During the 2nd world war major powers realized that space can be a new battlefield as a lot of space exploration programs were carried out and thus with no intensions to further extend the war a Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space was created .A Treaty was created which claimed that outer space is the common heritage of mankind, not subject to national appropriation by claim of sovereignty, by means of use or occupation, or by any other means. Space has gone from a realm of science fiction, to a virtual sanctuary where useful technology could be placed without fear, to a contested operational domain in ways that we haven't had to think about in the past. The last time the most powerful nations on the planet faced off was 70 years ago and the next great conflict as outer space - a domain that was unreachable to the militaries of 1945 which is now a technologic and military reality. All the major powers are in the quest of fuel which has left not even the space untouched. With the increasing presence of nations in space for energy needs, the conflict is about to arise. A lot has changed in the last 40 years, leaving existing legislation in dire need of updates that incorporate concerns such as property rights and the activities of commercial corporations This paper focuses on Technological advancement, space exploration , Future of  Arms and Ammunition , laws on the following  and  various other aspects that could lead to a space war among the nations in the quest for the new energy, all the major powers has much to lose if the potential for conflicts in the space escalates further.

Key words: Energy, Space explorations, Technology, Treaties

March 24, 2017 - 3:00 - 3:30 PM, Room Ellsworth2
Internet Usage Pattern And Habits Among Students In India
Arun Sharma, Dawit Demissie & Mizanur Rahman


In this era of communication and technology, the use of Internet is inevitable for sharing and communicating information in quick time without boundaries. The widespread convention of World Wide Web has created huge impacts and changes in society both positive and negative, especially in the younger generation who are good at understanding and usage of technology. The increased use of technology also makes it necessary to interact with it in timely manner to upgrade our information and awareness. In this paper we have addressed how the university students are utilizing the internet. The patterns that are being followed by students in general and their habits pertaining to internet usage. By observing the patterns, we can know about the general habits of students while using internet for surfing, social networking and also have knowledge regarding the latest technologies used by them along with the gadgets.


Key Words: Internet, World Wide Web, Social Networking, Operating Systems, Internet Browsers

March 24, 2017 - 3:30 - 4:00 PM, Room Ellsworth2
Entrepreneurial Orientation And Managerial Effectiveness In Nigerian Banking Industry
Oluseyi Sode


Organisations the world over expect managers to exhibit both management and leadership qualities. Managerial effectiveness (ME) have been observed as one of the most important requirements for building relationships among direct-report employees and spurring their motive to achieve individual and organisational goals. By having well-defined and established managerial philosophy, managers are able to shape company vision and increase managerial commitment towards formulating strategies that espouse an entrepreneurial orientation (EO), fostering a high-performance drive and competitive advantage. In an emerging economy such as Nigeria, one of the primary goals of an organisation is to grow, and to do so, it need effective managerial competences, which can be achieved through pulling together of skill sets to help the organisation make the best of its resources in the face of challenges. This study identified potential links between the multidimensional constructs of ME and EO at the organisational level in the Nigerian Banking industry. One of the greatest challenges faced by Nigerian organisations when attempting to achieve managerial effectiveness is to ensure stakeholder involvement and dedication. Middle-level managers and senior managers were surveyed in selected Nigerian banks, using a structured questionnaire. A series of correlational analyses were used to determine the strength of relationships between the dimensions of EO and ME. By drawing extensively on existing theory on EO, this study found that the adoption of creative methods of running business ahead of competitors, introducing new products or technological capabilities ahead of competitors, expanding of business capacity ahead of competitors, clashing with competitors and adopting a very competitive, ‘undo-the- competitors’ posture, are all factor that enhances managerial effectiveness in the organizations. Managers should include entrepreneurial orientation in company strategy in order to boost entrepreneurial morale in employees and make them committed to the ideals of the organization, and utilize every opportunity to improve company performance, that is, to make benefit and income, maintain and increase market share and higher rate of sales for the companies.


Keywords: entrepreneurial orientation, managerial effectiveness, inclusiveness, contextual adeptness, work interdependencies

March 24, 2017 - 4:00 - 4:30 PM, Room Ellsworth2
Investigating the Relationship between Reward and Motivation among Employees
Pranali Thakkar


Motivational dynamics have changed a lot in the past few years with the virtue of what the organization and the employee expect. Monetary reward doesn’t always guarantee an employee’s motivation and focus towards their work. An optimum combination of material and immaterial rewards can enhance employee’s interest in their work as well as his commitment towards the organization. High turnover not only has a great impact on the employee morale but also affects the company’s costs. Rewards can be both tangible as well as intangible. While tangible may usually include salary or bonus; intangible may be celebrating a subordinate’s achievement at lunch or giving an employee time off. Though it is important to motivate employees, if a reward doesn’t bring about a sense of achievement, the employee may lose enthusiasm and interest to work. Recognition although priceless; can be more valuable than money. An Organization that sees its people as associates rather than employees, and values their contribution to the organization, sees the organization as more than just a place of work. It is a potent weapon for motivation when used in moderation. This paper aims to study how rewards and recognition affect an employee’s motivation to work. This paper also seeks to find whether the existing practices in various organizations across the globe have been successful in their formulation and execution of strategies to motivate employees.

Keyword: Rewards, Recognition, Motivational Dynamics, Human Resource

March 24, 2017 - 4:30 - 5:00 PM, Room Ellsworth2
Analysis Of Factors To The Marketing In Millennial
Nishat Binta Mortuza


 This research talked about the factors contributing to the development of a successful digital marketing strategy for Millennial. The term Millennial is typically considered to apply to people who came to adulthood around the turn of the 21st century. They prize transparency and straightforwardness. The purpose of this study was to investigate the root cause and its implication on the market if the brand does or does not focus on millennial. The theoretical framework of this research includes theory of human behaviour, theory of marketing, theory of generation, theory of supply and demand. The literature review was aimed at enabling the researcher to identify the deep understanding of the problem and highlight some solutions. In addition, to complete this research I have used qualitative method. The research aimed to find out few strategies and marketing patterns for millennial that will make branding easier for the marketers.

Key Words: Millennial, Marketing, Branding, Trend, Marketing Millennial

March 24, 2017 - 5:00 - 5:30 PM, Room Ellsworth2
Local Government Administrations And Public Value: A Prospect For Downtrodden Masses In Nigerian States
Aina-Obe Shamsuddin Bolatito


Nigeria local governments administration faces series of critical challenges – how to create social welfare, delivery of public value and sustaining it remains a major obstacle emanating from them. Drawing from the works of Abraham Carmeli (2004) and (2006), this study tries to examine the concept of social welfare and public value as rudiment performance of local government in Nigeria. The paper tries to present an approach for creating social welfare packages and delivering public value through organizational reputation and performance. To this end, case studies of selected local governments in Nigeria had been scrutinized for descriptive analyses. The study reveal political control, corruption and lack of focus and implementation of the sections on Local government administration functions in the Nigerian constitution as logical reason hindering provisions of welfare packages and public value. The paper concludes with presentation of resource-based view (RBV), maintaining that to achieve superior performance in the delivery of public value and social welfare packages.   

Keywords: Local Government, Administration, Poverty, Socio-economic, SocialAmenities, Development

March 25, 2017 - 8:30 - 9:00 AM, Room Ellsworth1
Reporting Sports Business Practices
Oluwaseyi Gabriel Oyelade


This study deciphers the motive(s) behind business enterprise’s decision to participate (in any capacity) in the delivery of the Olympic Games. This study elaborates on the media commentary on commercial/ business aspects of the London 2012 Olympic Games. It discusses the promises made by the UK government during the bid to host the Games and the potential effect hosting the Games would have on the British economy. For this reason, the method adopted in this presentation draws from archival documentation of news stories about the London 2012 Olympics Games and its business implications. Official publications from companies and scrutiny of published account statements will be analysed as well. The tools used in this search are mostly online databases like Lexis-Nexis, F.A.M.E and Minten. The search parameters set for this chapter ranges between 2005 and 2014. The search starts from 2005 because it is important to cover the media coverage regarding the prospective business opportunities the Games provided. The search on the media coverage of the London 2012 Olympic Games stops in 2014 because this chapter intend to gather information from the media on the rewards that respective companies (sponsors and non-sponsors) claimed to have gained the end of the London 2012 Olympics.This study goes on to stipulate that, although the media may not be fully equipped to report sport business stories (in this case, the London 2012 Olympic Games), companies that participated in the delivery of the Games and have not gained from this association may find it difficult to make their loss public, as it is essentially a reflection of a poor business decision.

Key Words: Media, Business, London 2012, Enterprises, Olympics, Games

March 25, 2017 - 9:00 - 9:30 AM, Room Ellsworth1
Successful Quality Initiatives Rely On Employee Experiences and Leadership Support to Change the Organization’s Culture
Dr. Carol A. Barton, Dr. Walter R. McCollum, & Dr. Levasseur


Businesses with failed quality initiatives lose revenue, experience high expenses, and have fewer market opportunities. Researchers attribute failed initiatives to human and social factors; that is, the organization’s culture. The purpose of this study was to explore the lived experiences of employees in companies that received an Arkansas Governor’s Quality Award. Employees’ experiences contribute to successful initiatives, and their stories about their experiences influence the organization’s culture of quality management and continuous improvement. Future studies about the effect of storytelling and sensemaking on quality initiatives and how the trend toward decreased employee tenure affects leadership’s willingness to adopt quality management practices could lead to insights on whether the rewards are worth the investment of organization resources. From a social change perspective, individuals and communities have benefited when organizations adopt quality management practices and a decrease in these practices can affect the quality of life for individuals and communities.

Keywords: culture, storytelling, quality, quality management, continuous improvement, employee experiences

March 25, 2017 - 9:30 - 10:00 AM, Room Ellsworth1
Emotional Intelligence and Instigation of Workplace Incivility in a Business Organization
Dr. Nancy A. Ricciotti


Workplace incivilityis prevalent across a broad range of professions and occupations, and is associated with increased job stress, depression, and anxiety, and decreased productivity, job satisfaction, and organizational commitment. Despite the monetary and psychosocial costs of incivility to organizations and individuals, little research has focused on mitigation strategies. The purpose of this correlational study was to determine the relationships between emotional intelligence and instigation of workplace incivility. Further studies are needed to investigate the impact of emotional intelligence training on incivility and key organizational outcomes. Emotional intelligence might be a useful strategy to proactively address incivility in the workplace, thereby promoting a culture of respect and civility for all employees, and positively impacting key organizational outcomes.

Key Words: Workplace incivility, emotional intelligence, psychosocial costs, productivity, anxiety, job stress, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, respect, civility

March 25, 2017 - 10:00 - 10:30 AM, Room Ellsworth1
Systems Science And Cybernetics As Transdisciplinary Fields
Stuart A. Umpleby
March 25, 2017 - 10:30 - 11:00 AM, Room Ellsworth1
Women Over 50 And Involuntary Job Loss
Dr. Roxine Phillips


Both the short-term and long-term unemployment rates for older workers in the United States have increased significantly since the 2007 recession. Researchers have conducted studies predominantly on the experiences of men and job loss and not women. The purpose of this study was to examine the lived experiences of women over 50 who had experienced involuntary job loss, the barriers faced to reemployment, and the ways women overcame the barriers to reemployment. The study highlighted the emotions, finances, family and social life of women following job loss. Further studies could lead organizational leaders and policy makers to a greater in-depth understanding of the experiences of women over 50 following job loss and provide guidance when considering strategies to address the unique needs of older workers seeking reemployment. The study promotes potential positive social change by informing organizational leaders of the experiences of women following job loss.

Keywords: involuntary job loss, reemployment, older workers, unemployment, women, barriers to reemployment

March 25, 2017 - 11:00 - 11:30 AM, Room Ellsworth1
Effects Of Just-In-Time Inventory System On Organizational Performance: A Study Of Innoson Technical And Industrial Company Limited, Enugu, Nigeria
Agha Nancy Chinwe & Udu Gabriel Obasi


This study titled Effectsof Just-In-Time (JIT) Inventory Management System on organizational performance examined the operating doctrine of inventory management policy on Innoson Technical and Industrial Company, Ltd. Enugu. Specific objectives of the study were to determine the degree of effect of Just-In-Time (JIT) inventory system on constant production flow, to ascertain the degree of the effect of Just-In-Time (JIT) inventory system on reduction of inventory items and to determine the degree of the effect of Just in time inventory system on effective supply of finished goods in Innoson Technical and Industrial Company, Enugu. The study employed a descriptive survey research design upon which structured questionnaire were administered and 248 sample drawn from a population of 650. Perccentage and Chi-square (X2) were used to analyze data from 233 validly retrieved instruments. It was found that Just-In-Time (JIT) inventory management system could eliminate waste and maintain a steady flow of inventory items for continuous improvement of quality if adequately employed in Innoson Technical and Industrial Company Ltd. From the findings, Just-In-Time (JIT) inventory management as an operational philosophy uses due-date performance to cushion the effect of overstocking of inventory materials for improved productivity level in organizations. It is recommended that Innoson Technical and Industrial Company ltd. should groom their workers on the use of Just-In-Time (JIT) inventory management system because it reduces the cost of operations for enhanced performance. The implication of the study is that similar organizations that ignore the benefits of Just in Time inventory management would lose a lot of money through inventory which will affect their profit.   

Keywords: Just in Time, Inventory, Organization, Performance

March 25, 2017 - 11:30 - 12:00 PM, Room Ellsworth1
Stefanie Pfisterer-Heise & Mirjam Brassler


Interdisciplinarity is on the rise, because it is essential for solving complex societal problems like peace building or climate change. However, due to many differences like different disciplinary languages and methods successful interdisciplinarity is not easy to achieve. The development of a theoretical framework of beneficial strategies remains a core issue. The purpose of this study was to develop such a model which can also serve as a practical guide. Based on grounded theory methodology it encompasses a theoretical sample of 12 experts in interdisciplinarity from industry, science and the international service sector. During the analysis of the interview data the importance of the initial phase of interdisciplinarity became evident. Thus, the final model focuses on this phase. It comprises the four main categories and strategies “Opening up“, “Integrating“, “Investing“, “Bridge building (leadership)” and the key category/strategy “Trusting“. Quantitative research needs to analyze this model.

Keywords: Interdisciplinarity, initial phase, grounded theory, trust, integrate, invest, build bridges

March 25, 2017 - 2:00 - 2:30 PM, Room Ellsworth1
Post implementation Planning and Organizational Structure of Enterprise Resource Planning Systems
Dr. Charmaine V. Wilson


Globalization, technological changes and competitive pressures have resulted in company leaders’ worldwide adopting enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems to improve productivity and reduce costs in the post-implementation phase. The research addressed organizational leaders’ inability to optimize their ERP systems to gain competitive advantages. The study is important because ERP systems cost a substantial amount of money, time, and effort to implement. The purpose of this phenomenological study was to explore the lived experiences and challenges of ERP professionals in the post-implementation phase. Bertalanffy’s general systems theory formed the conceptual framework for the study. Twenty participants completed interviews guided by Moustakas’ modified Van Kaam method. The results indicated that inadequate training and resource constraints were problems encountered in the phase. The results of the study might impact social change by encouraging organizational leaders to promote complete integration of people and technology when adopting ERP systems, increasing productivity in the post-implementation phase.

Key Words: Post-implementation, Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP), customization, go-live, onward and upward, vanilla ERP system, super user, shakedown phase

March 25, 2017 - 2:30 - 3:00 PM, Room Ellsworth1
The influence of Climate Change to induce Employee Pro-Environmental Behaviors, based on the Protection Motivation framework
Dr. Brian L. Warrick


 Public health campaigns and persuasive communication depicting noxious consequences after a specified course of action have affected behaviors. Similarly, one should expect weather related natural disasters caused by human inflicted climate change to motivate individuals to engage in adaptive behaviors. This study examines the impact of employees’ perception of climate change as a predictive motivation underlying pro-environmental behaviors (PEB) based on the Protection Motivation (PM) theory and fear appeals. Based on regression analysis of frontline workers who self-reported in an online survey, the employees’ PM had a significant positive correlation with the employees’ PEB. However, only the self-efficacy dimension contributed significantly to the predictive model. The findings suggest that perceived threat severity and vulnerability may not be as critical in motivating individuals towards adaptive behaviors from climate change communication as perceived ability to carry out an adaptive response. Practical implications around communication are provided based on findings in this study.

Key words: climate change, protection motivation theory, pro-environmental behaviors, self-efficacy, threat severity, vulnerability

March 25, 2017 - 3:00 - 3:30 PM, Room Ellsworth1
Value for money audit: an accountability tool for fraud control in the public sector in Nigeria
Agha Nancy Chinwe & Isu Anthony Oko


The scope of governmental auditing has been widened over the years by the demand for independent verification of information to the extent that it can no longer be limited to the audit financial operations, but Value for Money Audit which ensures that the activities and programs are carried out at low cost and high standard. Lack of commitment in cost efficiency to the overall achievement of goals by the managers in the public sector brought the need for this research work on ‘Value for Money Audit as an accountability tool for fraud control in the public sector in Nigeria’. The objective of the study is to  examine the importance of Value for Money Audit as an accountability tool in the Nigerian public sector and evaluate its techniques and problems.  Survey research design was adopted, and a 5point Likert scale questionnaire was used for data collection. A sample size of 100 was used and three hypotheses were tested at 5% level of significance using the Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) statistics. The result shows that Value for Money Audit plays a vital role in promoting accountability in the public sector in Nigeria. The paper calls for proper Value for Money Audit process and recommends that individuals who conform to the ethics be rewarded while those who undercut the process should be sanctioned.

Key words: Value for money audit, accountability tool, cost efficiency, public sector, financial operations

March 25, 2017 - 3:30 - 4:00 PM, Room Ellsworth1
The burden and impact of hypertension in developing countries
Dr. Micheas Zemedkun & Bereketeab Dereje


There are more than 500 million people who live with hypertension in the developing world. Given the absence and lack of access to medical care, less than 10 percent of the affected individuals are able to achieve adequate control of their blood pressure. This is further exacerbated by low literacy rates, poverty, poor dietary habits and high cost of medications. The downstream consequences of uncontrolled hypertension are myriad, including heart attack, stroke, kidney disease, peripheral vascular disease. The human toll from these complications as well as the economical and psycho-social impact is vast. Hence, programs aimed at preventing hypertension, as well as early detection and treatment of the disease will have a significant impact on the well being and economical status of developing countries. 

Keywords: Hypertension, heart attack, developing countries

March 25, 2017 - 4:00 - 4:30 PM, Room Ellsworth1
Promoting Social Justice Through Community-Based Research: The Case Study of Farmworkers and Environmental Justice in Oxnard, California
Dr. Haco Haong


The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) defines environmental justice as “the fair treatment and meaningful involvement of all people regardless of race, color, national origin, or income with respect to the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies.” However, many affected populations do not have the civic capacity to be informed and engaged on behalf of environmental health and well-being in their communities. Researchers, community organizations and policy makers can identify ways to enhance the civic resources, knowledge and input channels for impacted communities. In a study of Oxnard, a city in California with a large agricultural economy, researchers conducted survey research and content analysis of local media to determine why and how affected stakeholders are (under)engaged on environmental health issues. The study found that there was a general perception among Oxnard residents that they were at risk for exposure to environmental pollution. There was also a severe lack of information and opportunities for involvement on environmental issues in the community. However, there are ways to enhance to the civic capacity of environmental justice communities like Oxnard by maximizing the use of local media outlets, particularly Spanish radio.

March 25, 2017 - 4:30 - 5:00 PM, Room Ellsworth1
E-inclusion an interdisciplinary e-learning approach
Birte Heidkamp


e-inclusion can be understood as a counterstrategy to the so called digital divide. One aspect of the  digital divide is that different social milieus have different access to the internet. One of the main features of the e-inclusion approach is that acteurs of every milieus should have appropriate access to digital education technologies. Therefore an interdicisplinary approach is needed: Sociological analyses provide a user-profile of a milieu specific internet-usage. On the basis of these analyses Instructional-Designers develope appropriate, milieu-specific e-learning strategies. Via these strategies it is possible to provide for every milieu an appropriate access to the possibilities of a contemporary e-learning. The lecture presents sociological analysis and e-inclusive educational strategies which are used in Higher Education in Germany.

Keywords: E-Inclusion, digital education technologies, sociology

March 25, 2017 - 5:00 - 5:30 PM, Room Ellsworth1
Case Study Research: A Complexity View of Relocation
Jorja Wright


The establishment of Northeastern Tech in Anytown is as an example of a new agent adjusting and interacting within an unfamiliar environment, Anytown, USA. Anytown is undergoing an economic redevelopment program in order to revitalize the city.   This revitalization process is a wicked problem according to complexity theory.  The complexity of this world warrants a new ontology or perspective in order to combat the events in the social science world. Anytown’s city leaders proposed and passed an economic redevelopment program because the city is experiencing a negative sequence of events.   A few of the negative events include: low performing primary educational system, environment not conducive for entreprenurial efforts, talent drain, poverty, and diversity. In other words, the contstant interaction amongst agents (city residents) and the environment can be considered complex responsive processes (CRP). 

The concepts explored include small adaptations that led to Anytown’s Economic Development strategy and Northeastern Tech’s role in the plan.  In complexity, co-evolution of elements exists due to complex adaptive systems (CAS).  Complexity thinking explains a complex phenomenon, which in this case is the acclimation of a new organization, Northeastern Tech into the system of Anytown, USA. Northeastern Tech’s launch to this city is a major system’s event; the process of acclimating this new agent (Northeastern Tech) to the Anytown city is a CRP, and identifying and collaborating with the existing agents (i.e. other universities, businesses, and government organizations) is a social network formation.  This case explains the CRP involved in relocation; specifically the introduction of a new organization, Northeastern Tech, to a changing environment. This analysis uses the case study approach, which allows a detailed understanding of nonlinear dynamics, patterns and events, and complex responsive processes as it relates to a new organization adjusting to an unfamiliar environment. 

This paper:

(a) defines complex responsive processes (CRP), identity creation, and knowledge emergence; (b) presents knowledge emergence as it relates to complexity;

(c) analyzes the concepts of unplanned events, processes, and social networks as it pertains to the relocation process and CRP;

(d) concludes with possible implications of understanding CRP, specifically within an organizational context and how that context affects Northeastern-Tech Anytown’s sustainability.

Keywords:  Complexity, knowledge emergence, complex responsive processes, systems thinking

March 25, 2017 - 8:30 - 9:00 AM, Room Ellsworth2
Understanding Factors That Influence Location Determinant Of American-Based Firms Seeking To Offshore To Sub-Saharan Africa
Dr. Felix P. Gbee


Firms in Sub-Saharan Africa have difficulty engaging in the global economy and benefiting from offshoring.  Firms’ difficulty to engage in the global economy is partly because no predictive models exist to determine influencing factors when foreign-based firms select a location to offshore.  To address the problem, the quantitative study asked which motivating factors, other than cost, were influencing factors when American-based firms choose a location to offshore.  The theoretical concepts that supported the study were transaction cost economics, resource-based view, network theory, knowledge-based view, collaborative relationship-based view, and New Global Division of Labor. Results of the study showed that none of the nine motivating factors (talent pool, technology and infrastructure, legal environment, economic environment, government incentives, political stability, language, culture affinity, and expertise or education of the labor force) were significantly related to a firm’s decision when selecting a location to offshore.

Keywords: offshore, outsourcing, globalization, transaction cost, location choice

March 25, 2017 - 9:00 - 9:30 AM, Room Ellsworth2
Conceptual Framework: Role of Governmental and Nongovernmental Micro Finance Programs on Reducing Poverty in Sri Lanka
Jayasuriya Arachchillage Prasansha Kumari


Policy makers and academic researcher pay attention of micro finance programs as a key mechanism to reducing poverty level in developing countries in recent. Sri Lanka  also used different types of government and on governmental micro finance programmmes to alleviating poverty. Theobjectives  of this research isto propose a conceptual framework in the role of government and nongovernmental  microfinance on reducing  poverty in Sri Lanka. The study concerned the simple random sampling method for selecting samplebecause the population is relatively large.Sample size  yielded 550 beneficiaries’ households from two micro finance programs in Sri Lanka, which government Samurdhi  micro finance  program and Sarvodayaprogram (SEEDS) operating in Colombo and Hambanthota districts. The regression analysis and chi-squire are used to analysis the collected data

Keyword: microfinance, poverty, Samurdhi, Sarvodaya

March 25, 2017 - 9:30 - 10:00 AM, Room Ellsworth2
Product Placement as an Influencer Marketing Strategy: A Content Analysis on Fashion Instabloggers in Turkey
Gul Sener


The growing influence of bloggers in terms of creating awareness and demand for products has put them on the spotlight for brands. They are considered as the new curators of consumers’ taste and preference, especially in fashion. These digital elites who post, snap, tweet to their connected network are seen as the new authorities of social media marketing. Brands often try to become part of this commercially valuable content through product placement. This study tries to explore the product placement practices of fashion Instabloggers in Turkey through content analysis of their posts between October 8 and November 8, 2016. By selecting 9 Turkish Instabloggers based on their account size (Mega, Power Middle, Micro), it intends to analyze the variations in the constituent elements of their product placements and how they are related with prominence, interactivity and engagement. Hence, the study will shed light on the nature of the product placement practice in Turkey. Also, to understand the working dynamics of interactivity and engagement within the context of product placement may provide a changing perspective on the practice as a means of sale rather than visibility improvement.

Keywords: Influencer Marketing, Fashion Instablogger, Product Placement, Instagram, Content Analysis

March 25, 2017 - 10:00 - 10:30 AM, Room Ellsworth2
The roles of leader-member relationship and Person-job fit in the process of coaching
Cheng-Shung Huang


This study examined how coaching, leader–member exchange (LMX), and person-job (PJ) fit are related to employee outcomes. Two different mechanisms were proposed: a mediating mechanism eliciting two different tracks that LMX or PJ fit would mediate the relationship between coaching and the related outcomes, and a moderating mechanism holding that PJ fit would strengthen the effect of coaching behavior on learning motivation. The results of multi-level analyses in a sample of 147 dyadic data show that PJ fit mediates the coaching-job performance relationship, and that LMX mediates the coaching-work engagement relationship. Additionally, the result indicates that employees with a high level of PJ fit are more likely to report that coaching contributes positively to their learning motivation, as is not the case for those with low-level PJ fit. As findings contradict the contention of extant LMX theory that LMX is central to those relationships, the theoretical implications are therefore discussed.

Key words: leader–member exchange, person-job fit, Job performance, learning motivation

March 25, 2017 - 10:30 - 11:00 AM, Room Ellsworth2
The Effects Of New Media And Communication Technologies On Readers/Users And A Research On Printed Media
Dr. Barış Bulunmaz


Internet, accepted as the most remarkable discovery of the 20th century and current era, is trigger of many new media and communication technology along with increasing its speed and availability of access day by day. Following the distinction of Internet becoming the locomotive of everyday life, crucial social changes have taken place in all areas of cultural and everyday life. Readers’ reading habits have also changed and in the same way newspaper have started producing content for this new situation. In this study, as a priority, a theoretical framework of the new media and the new media tools will be drawn, then analysis regarding new reading habits created by new media tools on people will be carried out. Finally, the information and reviews will be given of five major national newspapers practices in Turkey.

Keywords: New Media, Internet Journalism, Newspapers 

March 25, 2017 - 11:00 - 11:30 AM, Room Ellsworth2
Effect Of Different Types Of Sorghum On The Weight Of Fowl
Babalola John Bamidele


This research work, effect of different types of sorghum on the weight of fowl, is aim to determine whether there is significance difference between the treatment, and to determine which of the sorghums contribute to the highest weight of the fowl. To achieve these aims two ways analysis of variance with interactions and turkey HSD are the statistical tools used to analyse the data. Results of the analysis revealed that there is significant difference among the treatment. The post hoc test revealed that, bile, heart and lung are the variables that course the significant differences in the treatment and also R3W3-R2W2 is the variable that courses the significant difference in colour, which implies that R3W3-R2W2 is the best colour.  We thereby conclude that red sorghum should be given to the fowl because it enhances more weight to the fowl than the corresponding white sorghum.

Keywords: Sorghum, Treatment, Analysis of Variance, Weight, Test

March 25, 2017 - 11:30 - 12:00 PM, Room Ellsworth2
Applied Ethics in Digital Spaces
Dr. David Kergel


Applied ethics can be understood as an approach which combines epistemological and ethical reflections with pragmatic action strategies. Such pragmatic action strategies get increasingly important within a digital age and the social changes, which are an effect of the digital age. Especially learning strategies are increasingly online-based and take place within digital spaces. For an appropriate development of instructional strategies for teaching and learning within digital spaces, ethical aspects have to be developed, to ensure a successfull collaborative social learning. This requires an interdisciplinary dialogue between philosphers and instructional-designers to develope appropriate strategies for an ethical founded, online-based learning within the digital age. The lecture presents the interplay between ethical and educational analyses and the outcomes of such an interdisciplinary dialogue.

Keywords: applied ethics, digital spaces, digital age, online-based learning

March 25, 2017 - 2:00 - 2:30 PM, Room Ellsworth2
Mitigating Enterprise Resource Planning Implementation Risk in Small and Medium Enterprises
Justin L Goldston


Due to a large number of failed Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) implementations in recent years, these projects are considered a risky endeavor for organizations of all sizes.  Given the fact that the majority of research regarding these Critical Failure Factors has been conducted based on large enterprises, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) may be unable to implement the mitigation strategies suggested in these studies. To examine this topic, a qualitative study was conducted with seven SMEs and one large enterprise in various phases of an ERP implementation. In analyzing the data, the results revealed that communication, collaboration, and visibility among all stakeholders within an ERP implementation led to the mitigation of the risks identified in previous projects. Because SMEs make up 99.7% of the employer firms in the United States, it was important to gain understanding on this population, given their constraints and limited research compared to larger enterprises. 

Keywords: ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning), Small and Medium Enterprise (SME), Risk management, implementation, Critical Success Factors (CSFs), Critical Failure Factors (CFFs)

March 25, 2017 - 2:30 - 3:00 PM, Room Ellsworth2
Understanding The Text And Context For Insurgency In Nigeria: A Case Study Of Boko Haram Insurgency
Ademola Philip Onafuye


The emergence of Boko Haram and its ability to hit the apex of global terrorism has shocked the world. But Boko Haram is just one of the cases of insurgency in Nigerian history. Using case study method, this research investigated the intellectual explanations (text) and the surrounding conditions (context) that led to the emergence of Boko Haram insurgency as a way of gaining insight into the issue of insurgency in the country at large. The data used for this research were from secondary sources.  It was found that Nigeria has a lot of discretionary resources that have been easily mobilized for conflicts; and if not harnessed by the government for nation building, insurgents may always be in business locally and regionally.

Keywords: Boko Haram, Insurgency, Northeastern Nigeria            

March 25, 2017 - 3:30 - 4:00 PM, Room Ellsworth2
“Performance comparative analysis of multiple techniques used for encryption & digital watermarking”
Kalpana Narayan Rode


Digital Watermarking describes methods and technologies that hide information, for example a number or text, in digital media, such as images, video or audio. The embedding takes place by manipulating the content of the digital data, which means the information is not embedded in the frame around the data. The hiding process has to be such that the modifications of the media are imperceptible. For images this means that the modifications of the pixel values have to be invisible. Furthermore, the watermark must be either robust or fragile, depending on the application. By "robust" we mean the capability of the watermark to resist manipulations of the media, such as lossy compression. In some cases the watermark may need to be fragile. "Fragile" means that the watermark should not resist tampering, or would resist only up to a certain, predetermined extent. To provide copyright protection to still image various combined encryption and digital watermarking techniques can be used. Such as, Frequency domain techniques, Spatial Domain techniques, Fuzzy logic techniques, Neural Network techniques, Genetic algorithm or combination of all.

Keywords: Frequency domain techniques, Fuzzy logic Techniques, Neural Network, Genetic Algorithm, Watermarking Process


March 25, 2017 - 4:00 - 4:30 PM, Room Ellsworth2
The Contribution of Creative Industries to Sustainable Urban Development in South Africa
Oluwayemisi Adebola Oyekunle


South African policymakers are increasingly advocating for creative industry entrepreneurship to play a vital role in the city’s economic development. This paper addresses this situation in three ways.First, examining the international debates about the effectiveness of creative projects as tools for urban development. Second, deliberating on the factors that cause city authorities to put more importance on policies guiding creative industries. And third, I describe the evolution of creative industries in two South African cities: Johannesburg and Cape Town. I argue that the role of creative industries as a promoter of urban development has been dynamic, but also problematic at times.  I interrogate the role of creative industries in a range of areas: urban regeneration; the integration of creativity in urban development projects; policies to address creative diversity and social inclusion issues within the communities; and the potential of creative projects for community empowerment and involvement.

Keywords: Creative industries, urban regeneration, creative cities, culture, job creation, policy environment

March 25, 2017 - 4:30 - 5:00 PM, Room Ellsworth2
Efficient management of working capital in Indian Automobile Industry: A paradigm shift towards strengthening economic growth
Syed Noorul Shajar


The competitive and cut throat nature of the business environment requires firms to calibrate their strategies and policies so as to encroach upon the market and strengthening their growth. Which is not possible without proper and judicious utilisation of cash, Most of the firms have an optimal amount of cash invested in current assets, as well as sizeable amounts of current liabilities as a source of their financing. So in this paper an attempt have been made to crystallize the fact that, how efficient management of working capital results in enhancing profitability of automobile industry as well as boosting the pace of economic growth in the country. The Indian automobile industry is the engine of sustainable development in Indian economy contributing 7.1 per cent of the country's Gross Domestic Product (GDP). The study uses panel data of selected companies applying correlation and regression analysis to validate the hypothesis.

Keywords: Working capital management, Automobile industry, Economic Growth, Regression

March 25, 2017 - 5:00 - 5:30 PM, Room Ellsworth2
Environmental and Market Attribution of Housesthrough Hedonic Price Model: Local Policy Options for Pakistan
Ghaffar Ali, Muhammad Khalid Bashir, & Hassan Ali


The prices of similar houses constructed in different localities can vary depending upon variable factors. Valuation of goods based on their certain characteristics and consumer’s choice is called hedonic pricing. At present, the consumers/ purchasers don’t have any standard protocol or set of characteristics to estimate the price of a house in Pakistan. In this perspective, the present study is planned to determine housing valuation in environmentally and socio-economically different housing societies of Faisalabad city using hedonic approach and to estimate the association of determinants which may influence the value of houses in the selected urban communities of the Faisalabad city. The focus is placed on environmental and market attributes. For this purpose 10 residential towns of Faisalabad city were selected randomlyusing the map grids. Coefficients of regression for the given data variables were calculated and subjected to the hedonic model for estimation of the prices in the respective towns. Interpretation of data was finished for the attributes of environmental variables. For market variables, willingness to pay increases with the increase in future scope of the sale price of houses irrespective of their location. Environmental variables including: parks, sewerage system and solid waste management system are positively associated with the housing price. The results of the study provided the veryfirst report on the hedonic modeling of housing system in the indigenous situation of Faisalabad which will be helpful to suggest different alternatives to the policy makers and house buyers of different socio-economic values in Faisalabad city.

Keywords: Economic valuation, Housing market, Hedonic Price Model, Environmental attributes, ANOVA

March 25, 2017 - 9:00 - 9:30 AM, Room MGU1
How Cognitive Diversity Affects Team Performance
James Rodger
March 25, 2017 - 9:30 - 10:00 AM, Room MGU1
Understanding Financial Value of Cloud-Based Business Applications: A Phenomenological Study
Victor Arthur


An understanding of opportunities and challenges in cloud computing is needed to better manage technology costs and create financial value. The purposes of this transcendental phenomenological study were to understand the lived experiences of minority business owners who operated business applications in the cloud and to explore how these experiences created financial value for businesses despite security challenges. Historically,minority business owners have experienced high rates of business failures and could benefit from information tohelp them manage business costs in order to position their businesses to grow and succeed.Modigliani-Miller’s theorem on capital structure and Brealey and Young’s concept of financial leverage were the conceptual frameworks that grounded this study. Data consisted of observational field notes and 15 individual semistructured interviews with open-ended questions. I used the in vivo and pattern coding approaches to analyze the data for emerging themes that addressed the research questions. The findings were that drivers of positive cloud-based experiences, such as easy access, ease of use, flexibility, and timesavings, created financial value for small business owners. In addition, the findings confirmed that opportunities in the cloud such as cost savings, efficiency, and ease of collaboration outweighed security challenges. Finally, the results indicated that cost-effective approaches such as the subscription model for acquiring technology created financial value for businesses. The findings of this study can be used by business owners, especially minority small business owners, to decide whether to move operations to the cloud to create financial value for their businesses.

Key words: cloud based business applications, cloud experience, financial value, minority business owners, security risk, technology cost

March 25, 2017 - 10:00 - 10:30 AM, Room MGU1
Exploring Career Barriers and Self-Constructed Impediments of Minority Women Managers and Leaders
Octavia Harris


The absence of women in leadership occupations tends to minimize career aspirations, reduce the benefits of gender diversity, and lowers growth opportunities for women in the work environment. The purpose of this study is to unveil the lived experiences of some minority women managers and leaders in the finance and insurance sector in the Central Florida region who perpetually encounter employment that impede them from advancing. The theoretical frameworksguiding this study are the social cognitive career theory (SCCT) coupled with the self-efficacy theory. To explore this research question, a qualitative interpretive hermeneutical phenomenological research design will be used to collect data primarily through semistructured interviews from the participants. From a social perspective, this study could extend knowledge by providing organizational leaders with acumen into recognizing career barriers, identifying techniques to assist minority females in navigating through occupational hurdles, and tools to shield against professional career hindrances.

Keywords: career barriers, general barriers, self-imposed barriers, minority women, women leaders, women managers, gender diversity, social cognitive career theory, self-efficacy theory

March 25, 2017 - 10:30 - 11:00 AM, Room MGU1
The Effects of Leadership Engagement on Employees in a Municipal Government Agency
Cynthia Thomas-Williams


One primary cause of employee turnover in an organization is job dissatisfaction which is a result due to limited leadership engagement.  Dissatisfaction with management behavior affects employee commitment to work which leads to organizational disengagement in job satisfaction which creates a significant amount of turnover amongst employees. A qualitative multiple case study will investigate the impact of leadership engagement towards employees within municipal government agency. As employees seek to create job satisfaction and strive for career advancement, they are challenged with limited leadership engagement as guidance and directions to fulfilling such environments and inspiration that transition into accomplishing positions. Existing research documents explicit employee engagement towards leadership in the workforce. Yet there is limited research that identifies unambiguous leadership engagement towards employees. A critical review of organizational leadership engagement within city government will be conducted. Semi-structured purposeful interviews selection of 10- 15 participants will be chosen for this study drawn from a population of leaders and employees. The study is limited to a metropolitan city within the South West Georgia region. The research will reveal the impact leaders have on employees as they engage positively with employees to increase job satisfaction, retention and promote career advancement. The findings of the research will demonstrate the satisfaction leaders create as interaction with employee’s increases creating a conducive atmosphere for both despite the internal challenges of the organization. Implications for future research include additional research on leaders as they development, and comparison of leadership transitions due to generational diversity.

March 25, 2017 - 11:00 - 11:30 AM, Room MGU1
Retired, Unmarried, Male Baby Boomer Attitudes and Behaviors Toward Disease Prevention
Irene Ruminjo


Preventive health care is effective in reducing both infectious diseases and chronic conditions among the elderly. Despite efforts to prevent or decrease the risk of illness, unmarried males are less likely to receive selected preventive services compared to married men. The purpose of thiscross-sectional study was to describe disease prevention attitudes and behaviors of retired, unmarried, male baby boomers. Further, the study examined the effects of socioeconomic status on disease prevention attitudes and behaviors. The health belief theory framed the study. Research questions addressed disease prevention attitudes, behaviors, and sociodemographic characteristics. Data inquiry included ANOVA, multiple regression and moderation analysis. The findings indicated no differences in disease prevention attitudes and behaviors among retired, divorced, never married, separated, and widowed, male boomers. The relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and attitudes was not significant. The coefficient determination indicated the socioeconomic status could describe approximately 24% of the variation in the disease prevention behaviors. The only significant variable was education (16 or more years), p =.002. Moderation analysis examined the effect of marital status on the relationship between SES and disease prevention behaviors. The results indicated a significant association between the independent, interaction variables, and disease prevention behaviors, p = .001. Based on the findings, it is recommended Harlingen health department develop disease prevention policies and activities that target retired, unmarried, male boomers, with less than 16 years of education. The increase in disease prevention practices could improve health status leading to positive social change.

March 25, 2017 - 11:30 - 12:00 PM, Room MGU1
Exploring the Role of Middle Managers in Mitigating Employee Cyberloafing at Work
Anizizo Aku


Despite the widespread adoption of cyberloafing mitigation policies and the broad use of electronic deterrence systems, employee cyberloafing is a problem for most U.S. business organizations. Companies are concerned about the indeterminate effectiveness of corporate cyberloafing mitigation efforts leading to the persistence of employee cyberloafing behavior. Although middle managers are the driving force behind the transformational influences that guide employee productivity and could proffer practical solutions, there is a lack of clarity surrounding the middle manager’s role in the overall cyberloafing mitigation efforts within organizations. Further research is needed to explore the role of middle manager as actors and agents involved in cyberloafing mitigation efforts. The central research question for this phenomenological research study is: What are the lived experiences of middle managers about their role in the mitigation of employee cyberloafing at online higher education institutions in Florida?This study uses a social constructivist-interpretive framework that draws from the multiple realities constructed through social interactions and lived experiences. I will interview a purposive sample of about 15 middle managers at online higher education institutions in Florida. 

March 26, 2017 - 9:00 - 10:00 AM, Room MGU1
Data Collection
Dr. Ray Marbury
March 26, 2017 - 9:00 - 9:30 AM, Room Ellsworth1
The Role Of Organizational Culture And Individual Motivation On Knowledge Sharing Using A Virtual Discussion Platform
Chico AE Hindarto


The aim of this research is to explore the possibilities of continuing the knowledge sharing through the virtual discussion platform in a service company that has dispersed project locations throughout Indonesia.  The discussion platform was employed as a part of knowledge sharing simulation among project management training participants.  The discussion administers were experienced trainees’ low participation.  This study is qualitative through personal interviews with them whom involved in the training.  There are two issues that will frame these interviews, which are organizational culture and individual motivation.  These issues are predicted as the leverages for knowledge sharing.  The interviews will be done in person and phone call, since not all participants are assigned close to the headquarter.  The theoretical contribution of this paper is investigating the influence of these two issues, as well as the virtual discussion platform as the medium of knowledge sharing.  The practical insights are understanding the driving and dragging factors from the organizational and individual levels that affect the successful knowledge sharing process.  The result from this research will give benefits to the organization, that refer to modify the knowledge sharing medium and process in the future.

Keywords: Knowledge Sharing, Organizational culture, Motivation, Knowledge Management

March 26, 2017 - 9:30 - 10:00 AM, Room Ellsworth1
Revisiting Current Definitions and Approaches to Teaching Heritage Speakers of Spanish in Higher Education
Dr. Hsiao-Ping Hu Biehl


The teaching of heritage speakers of Spanish is still an emerging field with many challenges. One of these challenges is that within the category of heritage learners or speakers, there are subcategorizations that make the one for all curriculum impossible to apply. In a Spanish heritage classroom, students are differentiated based on oral, written, and reading level proficiency. Adding to this distinctions are the student’s generational background, cultural knowledge, self-identity, self-categorization, and language function. I propose that, as it is done for English as a Second Language learners, there should be differentiated instruction for heritage speakers based on their subcategorizations. In order to validate this proposal, this paper seeks to explore the existing definitions for bilingualism, bilingual speakers, heritage and native speakers and the current methodologies used to teach this diverse group of students. The data used here are taken from an ongoing research project started in 2011 with Spanish heritage students at the university level.
Keywords: Spanish, heritage speakers, native speakers, bilingualism, bilingual speakers, differentiated instruction

March 26, 2017 - 10:00 - 10:30 AM, Room Ellsworth1
Services Trade among Major Countries and India’s Position thereof: A Comparative Study
Dr. S M Shafi & Yusra Majid


The service industry is the largest and fastest growing sector in the global marketplace. Trade in services is substantially dominated by advanced countries like USA,UK, Japan and France and some other fast developing nations as well. India and China in the BRICS group have also created a mark in the services trade with a fair amount of comparative advantage in IT and IT Enabled Products and Tourism respectively.  However, China has also crafted an image in some other services as well.  The position and performance of India is worth mentioning and quite impressive. Pertinently while most of the countries’ economic growth has led to a shift from agriculture to industries, in India, there has been a shift from agriculture to the services sector by-passing manufacturing sector all together.  Services led growth has been substantially contributing to India’s GDP growth which is now more than 66%. The Information technology industry in India has gained a brand identity as a knowledge economy due to its IT and ITeS sector. India’s Services Trade is largely dominated by four services that account for about three-fourths of total trade in services (both imports as well as exports). These are IT, Tourism, Financial and Health services. The paper delves into the international profile of service trade into these select categories and looks into the position of India in global trade of services. India has exhibited its muscle in IT &ITeS and has carved a niche in that area the world over. The performance of select categories of services is compared with some countries like-USA, UK, China, Japan and France. To assess the comparison in services trade for the period under study, the technique called Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA) has been put to use. The impact of recession has also been assessed and ANNOVA has been used for the purpose.

Keywords: Contribution, Foreign Trade, Information Technology, India, Services

March 26, 2017 - 10:30 - 11:00 AM, Room Ellsworth1
Identifying Professionalism Traits within Reflections Submitted by a Cohort of Family Medicine Clerkship Student in the United Arab Emirates


One of the goals of medical education is to instill professionalism within medical students. Professionalism is essential in developing the trust between society and the medical profession. The definition of professionalism and its incorporation into curriculum differs widely across various medical schools. Often, the implied meaning of professionalism and its connotations is shaped by an individual’s identity. The purpose of this study is to analyze reflections posted by medical students in the United Arab Emirates during their family medicine clerkship rotations to search for professionalism traits.

Methods: Reflections from a single cohort of final year medical students posted online as part of their e-Portfolio assessment were reviewed. The entire post was read to determine the major concept identified and various contextual implications analyzed. Keywords such as competence, commitment, confidentiality, altruism, trust, integrity, honesty, ethics, morality, professionalism, autonomy, responsibility, compassion and respect were searched for within the post. Biases noted by the student were noted. The information was then collated to assess general trends and development of professional traits for each medical student.

Results:  Reflections posted by 16 final year medical students during a 4-week family medicine clerkship were reviewed. The major concepts identified were noted to be “difficult patient,” “patient-physician relationship” and “lack of patient education.” Traits of professionalism identified were confidentiality, privacy, empathy, patient rights and accessibility.

Conclusions: Final year medical students make a concerted effect incorporate professionalism into their reflective practice, suggesting the effectiveness of the early introduction of professionalism into the curriculum. 

March 26, 2017 - 11:00 - 11:30 AM, Room Ellsworth1
An Empirical Study Of Individual Investor’s Overreacting Trading Behaviour Towards Financial Product Innovation
Geetika Madaan


This paper analyses the trading volumes of individual investors earlier and afterwards the introduction of a financial product innovation and thereby also assess the investor’s returns and risk -adjusted returns. This paper evaluates the trade data of 10675 investors of a prominent Indian stockbroking houses by using an event study approach. The study by applying Sharpe ratio and descriptive statistics finally concludes that financial product innovation leads to overreacting trading behavior of individual investors and revised risk adjusted returns do not provide explanation for increased trading volumes and finally concluded that young investors are more exposed towards excessive trading behavior.

Keywords: Financial innovation, returns, trading volumes, trading behavior, structured financial product

March 26, 2017 - 9:00 - 9:30 AM, Room Ellsworth2
Accounting services and its impact on the performance of smes A survey of accounting firms and sme’s in london
Olamide Soyombo


The purpose of this paper is to study the impact of accounting services and its effect on SMEs performance in London. This paper will examine the various kind of services rendered by accounting firm and analyse which services are useful for SMEs. A theoretical tool was developed to know the extentof relationship between SMEs in accounting services and a gap model of services and SERVQUAL instrument as an approach to be examined with ROCE and ROI of SMEs. The interviews and questionnaires will be used obtains data from the parties relating to the research questions. There appears a relationship on service quality and performance of SMEs and also accountant firms. This paper is limited among SMEs and accountant firms from London and has implication for accountant firms, SMEs, academic and also to the company involve and handle in service quality.

Keywords: Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs), Accountant firm, service quality, performance

March 26, 2017 - 9:30 - 10:00 AM, Room Ellsworth2
Development of transport corridors in Central Asia in cooperation between Central Asia and the United States: A case study of Uzbekistan
Alisher Ahmedov


Under condition of globalization the factor of transport corridors has been dramatically increased in global trade. This factor becamea key issue for the landlocked countries in economic development. The Central Asian countriesarethe example of such kind of countries,which do not have access to the maritime. Inancient world, Central Asia played a significant role in connecting China with Europe through the Great Silk Road. However, during the Soviet Union’s period the Central Asian corridors lost their importance in international trade network due to the Soviet’s policy. Today, independent countries in Central Asia are developing their transport infrastructure to restore its transit role of the region between Europe and China, and access to the maritime. Simultaneously, international organizations and the world powers are supporting the region with several projects, technical assistances and investments on development international transport corridors in Central Asia. The United States’ New Silk Road Initiative is one these projects. The purpose of the research is to study the current condition of transport corridors in Central Asia,logistics issueswith case study of Uzbekistan, and future trends to develop new corridors based on interests of local countries and initiatives of external powers, how these projects would impact on geopolitics of the region and what actions would improve the transport corridors and maintain stability in the region.   

Keywords: Logistics, Transport corridors, Central Asia, Geopolitics, regional development

March 26, 2017 - 10:30 - 11:00 AM, Room Ellsworth2
Agile Project Management - the Challenges and Opportunities
Dereje Tessema, PhD, PMP, PMI-ACP, CEA - Maryland Global University


According to the 7th Annual State of Agile Development Survey conducted by VersionOne,   81% of participants  reported higher quality,  defect rates dropped between 60% to 80%,  and \increased productivity,  and substantial cost savings by using Agile Project Management methodologies. As the US federal agencies depend on information technology support for their critical systems by spending $76 billion per year coupled with  high percentage of IT project failure made organizations to rethink and adopt the use of agile project management methodologies . The office of Management and Budge (OMB) recommends the use of agile methodology to reduce the length of project time and control cost and schedule.  The Government Accountability Office (GAO) identified 32 practices and approaches as effective for applying Agile software development methods to IT projects. GAO also listed 14 challenges with adapting and applying in the federal environment.  This presentation focus on why many project managers are resistant to embrace the Agile project management tools and mindsets despite the benefit listed by many researches.

 Keywords : Agile Project Management , Productivity, Software development,